Title: Prevalence of Post Caesarean Wound Infections and Associated Factors among Mothers Delivering from Kampala International University Teaching Hospital
Author(s): 1Ameun Daniel,*2Atwijukire Wallen, 3Asekenye Cecilia, 2Odoma Saidi,2Onohuean Hope, 4Joseph Obiezu Chukwujekwu Ezeonwumelu,4Ayogu Ebere Emelia, 5Samanya Bulhan, 6Mulindwa Joakim and 7Ugwu Okechukwu Paul-Chima
Year 2023
File: PDF
Keywords: Prevalence Post Caesarean Wound Infections and Mothers Delivering

Caesarean section simply is an operative technique by which a fetus is delivered through an abdominal
and uterine incisions after a minimum period of 28 weeks of amenorrhea, whilst a post caesarean
section wound infection (PCWI) is an infection that occurs after a C- section, usually due to a bacterial
infection in the surgical incision site. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of post
caesarean wound infections among mothers who delivered from KIU-TH, and to identify common factors
associated with post caesarean wound infections among these mothers. Descriptive statistics were used
to characterize and highlight the difference among the post-caesarean patients. Data was entered and
analyzed using SPSS version 16. The analyzed data was then presented using tables and charts. The
results indicate that the prevalence of post-caesarean wound infection at Kampala International
University-Teaching Hospital is still low (3.2%) but may increase if the steps are not taken to initiate its
prevention and eradication. The results indicate that post-caesarean wound infection is positively and
significantly associated with age (X2 = 10.747, P<0.05), the cause/reason of caesarean section (X2 =
62.000, P<0.05), color of liquor (X2 =45.983, P<0.05), duration of labor (X2 =10.067, P< 0.05) and amount
of blood lost (X2 = 3.844, P<0.05). The prevalence of PCWIs at KIU-TH was 3.2% and the factors
associated were the reason for caesarean section, color of liquor, duration of labor, amount of blood
lost. Based on the results and the findings, the study recommends that recognition of the consequences
and the building of the strategies to prevent and treat Post-caesarean wound infections at Kampala
international university-teaching hospital is essential for reducing post- caesarean maternal morbidity
and mortality. In addition, the study also recommends the recognition of the associated risk factors
particularly the modifiable and their modification to reduce the occurrence of Post-caesarean wound