Title: Prevalence of SARS-COV-2 units among Achievers University Students, Nigeria
Author(s): Johnson Etafo; Olufunke Gbenga-Ayeni; Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Oluwafisayomi Victoria Oso; Abolaji T. Adeyemo; Abdulwasiu Oladele Hassan
Year 2023
File: PDF
Keywords: Covid-19 prevalence University students pandemics

The spread of Severe acute respiratory syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19),
has resulted in a global pandemic that has claimed the lives of millions of people, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an
infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that mainly affects the respiratory system, as interstitial pneumonia and acute
respiratory distress syndrome. The virus primarily targets the upper and the lower respiratory tract and quickly disseminates to
other organs. SARS-CoV-2 dysregulates immune signaling pathways which generate cytokine storm and leads to the acute
respiratory distress syndrome and other multisystemic disorders. This study was carried to determine the prevalence of SARSCoV-
2 among achievers’ university student, a total of 200 students participated in this study. Individual who participated in this
study were students of the university community. Oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swab samples were taken from the
participants. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for covid-19 is a molecular test which analysis the upper respiratory
specimen looking for genetic material ribonucleic acid (RNA) of the virus. The reagent used for this study was the sansure biotech
nuclei acid diagnostic kit used for qualitative detection of ORF1ab and N gene of novel corona virus in nasopharyngeal swab,
oropharyngeal swab. Only 1% of the population testing positive at the end of the study. ANOVA was employed to analyse the
data collected. Personals protection equipment were put in place which included wearing of hand gloves disposable overall and
laboratory coat, boots, eye googles during the process of sample collection. Preventive measures such as wearing of nose mask,
social distancing should be constantly practiced.